Gidgee & other fluoroacetate poisoning
EFFECTS OF FLUOROACETATE POISONING ON LIVESTOCK:
The Georgina Gidgee of western Queensland & eastern Northern Territory contains fluoroacetate, a naturally occurring metabolic poison. Heartleaf Bush of the desert uplands of central Queensland and Western Australia also contain fluoroacetate. When ingested by cattle it sets off a chain of complex reactions. Enzymes react to the fluoroacetate and produce fluorocitrate, which is responsible for hypocalcemia (low levels of calcium in the blood). The fluorocitrate also impairs cellular oxidative metabolism, meaning the animal's oxygen levels (and therefore energy levels) are lowered. The lower energy reduces glutamate, a chemical that nerve cells use to send signals to other cells, and with this out of wack the animal is unable to regulate acid balance and ammonia removal. This results in an increase of acidosis and an increase in ammonia within the animal.
In short, ingesting fluoroacetate containing plants causes hypocalcemia (low calcium levels), hypoglycemia (low energy levels), and interferes with acid & ammonia balance. Each of these issues on their own can be detrimental to cattle, and in combination are deadly.
To combat these issues we have developed the Live Stock Range for Fluoroacetate Poisoning. The blocks listed below are to be fed in conjunction to assist in minimising and/or preventing the poisoning. For more information please speak to an Olsson's rep or call our hotline on 1800 804 096.
Physical symptoms of fluoroacetate poisoning can include rapid breathing, trembling, heart failure or irregularities, moderate bloating, frequent urination, bone chewing, and sudden death, often while drinking or mustering.